05 de junio de 2012

Road Trip to Montana 5/24/12

Over memorial day weekend a road trip to Helena, MT with my family took me out of the Puget Sound basin into the pine forests of the East, where totally new ecosystems abound!
For description of the landscape change and a few stops along the way, please refer to my physical journal.

Publicado el junio 5, 2012 03:10 TARDE por jesscubb jesscubb | 5 observaciones | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

Leavenworth 5/12/12

Coordinates: lat. 47.58944
lon. -120.67466

Weather: 63 degrees F, but feels hotter under the full sun.

1:50pm-- The sun at its height and we feel it beat down on this new, dry environment. The area is technically a "woodland," populated by Ponderosa Pine (Pinus Ponderosa) and low brushy shrubs. We climb over lichen-crusted rocks and through the dry grass dispersed with individual flowers every 10ft. or so. The plants are open to the hot sun, with no canopy to protect them. Almost like a meadow, but rocky and hilly, moving upward. These exposed regions are a living host of dusty plants that are totally foreign to me! The plants here are dusty colored-browns and sage-greens, nothing like the lush evergreens west of the mountains. The plants seem hardy--accustomed to the harsh heats and cold winters. There are other growing in the shadows beneath boulders, perhaps a bit more water is preserved in these shadowy spots.
Sitting on the warm rocks I see a few small lizards scurry by, seeking protection under the rocks, just like some of the plants. In the dense Western forests, reaching the sun is in high demand, whereas here shade is the more precious and rare commodity.
Despite the muted colors of the plants--their flowers are aglow with brilliant colors! In lower-slightly protected areas we find stunning chocolate lilies, or as someone informed me, checkered lilies (Fritillaria affinis). Also dispersed through the grasses were many balsamroot, I believe Carey's Balsamroot (Balsamorhiza careyana) and Arrowhead Balsamroot, (Balsamorhiza sagittata).
In the more protected area slightly higher up, where a number of tall douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) provide more shade, larger, leafier shrubs were present. Western service berry (Amelanchier alnifolia) was in bloom all over and snowberry (symphoricarpos albus).
Certain trees here are scarred with black as if effected by fires. I wonder how frequently fires scar this region? I imagine being so close to Leavenworth it would be in the peoples' interest to make sure fires did not occur here, but I wonder if small ones could still occur?
It is amazing what a contrast exists just a few miles over a mountain pass. It is a completely different world here. Still rich with life, but in such a different, crunchier way.

Species List
Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa)
Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)

Western Service berry (Amelanchier alnifolia)
Common Snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus)
Nootka Rose (Rosa nutkana)
Ocean Spray (Holodiscus discolor)
Rocky Mtn Maple (Acer glabrum)

Carey's Balsamroot (Balsamorhiza careyana)
Showy Phlox (Phlox speciosa)
Hooked Spur violet (Viola adunca)
Death Camas (Zigadenus paniculatus)
Columbia puccoon (Lithospermum ruderale)
Common Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
Mock Orange (Philadelphus lewisii)
Prairie Star (Lithophragma parviflorum)
Checkered Lily (Fritallaria affinis)
Harsh Indian Paint brush (Castilleja hispada)
Paeonia Brownii

Western Fence Lizard (Scloporus occidentalis)

Publicado el junio 5, 2012 03:06 TARDE por jesscubb jesscubb | 11 observaciones | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

Skykomish River 5/12/12

Coordinates: lat. 47.8547625
lon. -121.6773553
Weather: 65 degrees F and sunny

--The first stop on our field trip today is on the banks of the Skykomish River, just east of Goldbar. First off I learn that this area is known as a riparian zone, i.e. the area surrounding a river, effected by and in relation to the flowing river. We identify the area as second growth (having been clearcut in 1999) but the trees are already quite tall. Deciduous trees predominate the landscape, particularly black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa). Some small conifers are beginning to grow, but none as large as the cottonwoods and maples. The under-story is quite thick, perhaps a result of there being plenty of light filtered through the deciduous trees. There seems to be a greater diversity of trees and mid-story plants here. A few delicate vine maples fill the mid-story with low swooping branches. Also beaked hazelnut trees (Corylus cornuta) branch out into the road. The leaves of the hazelnut look remarkably similar to those of alders, but are much fuzzier. While alder leaves are smooth and waxy, hazelnut leaves are very soft. The flowers of the hazel are also similar to alder- catkins that form in the fall to be pollinated in spring. The tree is of course named for its fruit: a nut enclosed in a husk. The nuts aren't produced until summer, so none were present during our visit.
Some of the plants that have leafed out since winter are almost more difficult to identify now than they were a few months ago when everything was so bare and the leaved plants so distinct. Common snowberry for example, really stood out in the winter, but now so surrounded by other leaves and shades of green it is more difficult to pick out.
There are large stands of Japanese knotweed (Fallopia japonica) growing in open areas--especially near to the water. This plant is native to Eastern Asia, but has moved here and become very very invasive. I have seen much larger and taller stands of it elsewhere in Seattle choking out many other plants. There were no flowers present, but many tall stems with enormous leaves.
Down by the water a number of cottonwoods have rings of roots exposed above the water- known as "adventitious rooting." When the river rises and trees or branches are torn down stream, these oddly placed roots will take root where ever they land down the river, sprouting a new tree. Basically, the adventitious rooting is flood protection, using the unpredictability of the river to the tree's advantage.
Many robins are singing and we hear but do not see a hermit warbler (Setophaga occidentalis), high up in the canopy. A pacific flowering crab apple leans into the road as well--completely covered in blossoms. I wonder if these trees are totally wild? Why would there be only one of them in this entire area?

Species List
Vine Maple (Acer circinatum)
Big Leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum)
Pacific Dogwood (Cornus nuttallii)
Pacific Crab apple (Mallus Fusca)
Beaked Hazelnut (Corylus cornuta)
Black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa)

Trailing Blackberry (Rubus ursinus)
Thimbleberry (Rubus parviflorus)
Japanese Knotweed (Fallopia japonica)
Common Snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus)
Scotch Brooom (Cytisus scoparius)

Sheep's Sorrel (Rumex acetosella)
Sweet Vernal Grass
Forget-me-not (Myosotis sylvatica)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)
Hermit Warbler (Setophaga occidentalis)

Publicado el junio 5, 2012 07:39 MAÑANA por jesscubb jesscubb | 10 observaciones | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

01 de junio de 2012

Mee-Kwa-Mooks Beach 5/6/12

Coordinates: Lat. 47.56465
Lon. -122.40846
Weather: 65 degrees F and fully sunny! But just as last time, strong winds keep us chilled.

10am-- The tide is receding as we move along the beach. Low-tide is at 11:30am and should be especially low today as a result of the supermoon. The beach, as described in my previous entry about Mee-Kwa-Mooks is completely rocky. The upper 20-30m of beach are fairly dry--likely that they haven't been underwater in a while. But just beneath this dry strip, where rocks are dispersed over sand, you immediately find a plethora of aggregating anemone (Anthopleura elegantissima). These anemone are not attached to tocks, but rather are rooted in the sand. Often times they are found in clumps of 15 or more all in a close circle about 1ft x1ft. Each anemone is about 4-5 cm across and completely sucked in- the tentacles are not visible. Curiously, however, all of the anemone in the upper section of the beach are covered in small bits of white shell. The shell is piled onto the green anemone, but is not necessarily scattered about on the area surrounding the anemone body. In other words, it looks deliberately piled onto the creature. I imagine that the shell protects the anemone-- it certainly looks like a kind of armor. The brilliant white might help to repel UV rays from the sun, as well as camouflage the anemone from predators. The anemone closer to the water do not have this shell protectant. They spend less time exposed to the sun and predators than the anemone that live higher up the beach, so perhaps they simply have not adapted such a mechanism. The anemone form close circles as a result of their aggregating nature-- they reproduce asexually by cloning. Often, when you see hundreds of anemone clumped or spread across a beach, they are really just clones of a single anemone.
The large abandoned tire that creates a little tide pool has a tidepool sculpin today! (Oligocottus maculosus). It sits perfectly still on a barnacled rock, probably barely 6cm deep in the water. The water feels warm to the touch under the hot sun. I wonder how well this tiny creature does with swift temperature changes? Does it change an animal's metabolism?
Walking down the beach I discover a very small pool of water (one of a million) that contains a floppy, shaggy creature: a nudibranch! It is somewhat rare (or at least special) that you discover a nudibranch on the beach, especially not one as large as this! This nudibranch was about 11cm long when fully extended, but could squish it body into a small ball when not moving. Its mauve coloring and flattened cerata give it the appearance of a shag rug: therein earning its name Shaggy Mouse nudibranch (Aeolidia papillosa). The color of the nudibranch is effected by the food it has been eating- fluctuating from pink to orange to grey or white. Nudibranchs feed primarily on sea anemones--often of a singular species due to their limited mobility.
Later, we find another tiny nudibranch among the eel grass, this one only about 2 cm long, with translucent blue, shimmery tentacles at its front. Its shimmer distinguishes this sea slug as an opalescent sea slug (Hermissenda crassicornis).
Other highlights were finding many sun flower sea stars, and a Troschel's sea star at the lowest part of the beach, just before the tide turned.

Species List:
Ochre Sea Star (Pisaster ochraceus)
Sunflower Sea Star (Pynopodia helianthoides)
Troschel's Sea Star (Evasterias troschellii)

Shaggy Mouse nudibranch (Aeolidia papillosa)
Opalescent nudibranch (Hermissenda crassicornis)

Aggregating anemone (Anthopleura elegantissima)

Tide pool sculpin (Oligocottus maculosus)

Publicado el junio 1, 2012 07:15 TARDE por jesscubb jesscubb | 4 observaciones | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

Discovery Park: Full Moon Trek 5/5/12

Location: Beginning at the Discovery Park visitor's center.
Coordinates: lat. 47.658508
long. -122.405891
Weather: Partially cloudy sky, 45 degrees F. The day was warm, but as soon as the sun has gone down the air regains a chill bite. Luckily, there is not the least bit of precipitation!

8:30pm-- I am here tonight to co-lead a public night-trek through the park. The focus of the trek is to explore and practice some of the technique that animals use to navigate the night, as well as check out the moon. Tonight is the SUPERMOON! Meaning that the moon is at its closest point (on its elliptical path) to the Earth. It is rare that the full moon coincides with the moon being so close to the Earth- only occurring about every 7 years.
We start out the tour inside, looking at some mounts and talkingabout certain animals' night advantages. Owl wings have very finely toothed edges
that allow them to move silently through the air. The ridges on their wing tips "break-up" the air without a sound. Other birds make a fair amount of noise when they flap their wings, you can hear the resistance when you whip a turkey feather through the air, but not an owl's feather.
When hunting, owls rely heavily on being able to swoop down on their prey without being noticed. This entails both silence, and camouflage. The undersides of many owls' wings are whitish-grey to blend in with a dusky sky. In order to detect their prey, owls have HUGE eyes relative to their bodies. Their large black eyes let in maximum light for spotting movement in darkness.
After discussing the owl mounts and the movements of the moon, we walk outside and encourage everyone to touch and feel the plants around them. I discover that cedar is even softer to the touch than it looks. It is almost fuzzy, I can understand how it was used by Native Americans for clothing. Thimble berry too is so fuzzy to the touch it welcomes a good petting.
Eventually, we reach a meadow of low grass surrounded by tall conifers. At 8:30, just before complete darkness, is a good time to see owls hunt. Sure enough, after about five minutes of silent waiting, we see a flash of white over the meadow. A Barn Owl (Tyto alba)! It is the only owl we see, but quite glorious, however quick the viewing.
Owl utilize most greatly their peripheral vision, so as to sense movement over a wide range as opposed to taking in only details of a specific area. We do an exercise to practice using our peripheral that is really interesting--I hadn't imagined sight to feel so much different. Forcing yourself to unfocus and take in movement as opposed to detail is a brain exercise. Your mind wants to focus and tell you what kind of tree you're looking at or what a sign says. It tries to decode the environment as opposed to absorbing it wholly. The change is kind of philosophical... It wonder if plains peoples who hunted the savannahs employed this kind of seeing/thinking. Did it give them a different perception of what it means to see the environment?

Species List:

Observed Species
Barn Owl (Tyto Alba)
Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata)
Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziessii)

Resident of Park discussed, but not observed
Northern Saw Whet Owl (Aegolius acadicus)
Barred Owl (Strix varia)
Great Horned Owl (Bubo vrginianus)
Mountain Beaver (Aplodontia rufa)

Publicado el junio 1, 2012 06:46 TARDE por jesscubb jesscubb | 1 observación | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

01 de mayo de 2012

Union Bay Natural Area 4/23/12

Coordinates: Lat. 47.65543
Lon. -122.29435

Weather: 65 degrees F and sunny! Only whispy clouds low on the horizon, and a strong breeze.

6pm-- I'm here just to wander today and enjoy the sun. The UBNA is a wetland meadow with tall grasses and shrubs surrounded by a few stands of deciduous trees. The central part of the meadow is 80% tallgrass with dispersed Large-Leaved Lupin (Lupinus polyphyllus) and what appears to be dried fennel stalks. Why do meadows like this form as opposed to forests? Just because it is too wet for other things to grow? I know that lupin are nitrogen fixers, meaning they are capable of growing in less nutrient rich soils, perhaps that's the case with this meadow? There are also a number of large ponds in this natural area that are inhabited by a wide variety of water fowl.
The meadow is considerably drier today than the last time I was here with class on April 12, the lupin don't have large water droplets as I photographed that day. There are so many birds, as usual, but today they seem to be making a particularly loud ruckus! The tall shrubs near the ponds sound especially alive, quivering with all of the movement of those spring-charged birds. The Red-Winged Blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus) seem the rowdiest of all, aggressively attacking the air with their calls. Once again I have trouble trying to describe their call even though I have finally come to recognize it. It sounds two-toned, and almost metallic- easily distinguished from that of other birds. Many sparrows (swallows?) swoop over the meadow as well, always scooping upward afterward and displaying their shape against the sky. Catching bugs?
Crows seem to bully the other birds around and make an unbelievable cacophony from their high tree perches. I wonder whether or not they eat smaller birds. Why travel in such large groups? They are almost frightening, I can see why someone would devise a horror film about them..
The waterfowl appear mostly paired as they float along the lake. I see a few Buffleheads(Bucephala albeola), many Mallards and a Great Blue Heron on a mission through the sky. They squawk with such an awkward and loud force.
A few Black Cottonwoods (Populus trichocarpa) by the water are SO HUGE. I wonder how old they are! Peering up into their giant green dappled branches sends dreams of elaborate tree houses zooming through my head.
Everything is 1,000 shades of green, I wish there were a place to simply post photos of the meadow as opposed to the specific species--it sure was beautiful today.

Publicado el mayo 1, 2012 05:29 TARDE por jesscubb jesscubb | 7 observaciones | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

Burke Gilman Trail 4/16/12

Coordinates: Lat. 47.65298
Lon. -122.32842

Weather: Strong south western winds and therefore swiftly moving clouds, but nearly full sun. 50 degrees F or so.

2:30pm-- The Burke Gilman trail (between 35th and 36th) is lined on the west side with a raised planted section above a sort of rock wall. The section appears to have been planted with native plants, mostly large shrubs probably meant to be hardy and prevent erosion onto the path. Other plants have of course snuck in. The ground is covered in wood-chips, perhaps to insulate the soil? Many birds are making noise in the trees lining the path, and picking about among the shrubs. I am first drawn to pull over my bike next to a number of larger (.5m tall) shrubs that I can't identify at bike-speed. They appear evergreen, with thick waxy leaves and short woody stems. Every shrub has one or two flowers- bunched and blue, but they don't appear at all new. Maybe left even from last year? It appears that the shrubs higher on the hill have more flowers, perhaps they receive more light?
The leaves are composed of 3 prominent veins, only about 2 cm long and 1cm wide at the center.
Beneath and around the shrubs grows dull oregon grape (Mahonia nervosa) and a number of small leaves that look not unlike parsley! Small and a very light green with slightly red tips. (See physical journal for drawing). I was completely unable to identify these little flowers until about 10m down the path I came upon a flower! A perfect bright orange poppy.
As I look down I notice many ladybugs sunning themselves on the black rocks lining the trail. They appear totally still- why would a ladybug want sun like this? Each appears to have 7 black spots- as I near them with my camera they scurry, but not all that quickly. It seems like a predator (birds??) could easily snag one. There are at least 20 ladybugs in a 2-3m area. Also little spiders crawl around on the rocks. A tiny black and white jumping spider captures my attention.

Publicado el mayo 1, 2012 05:35 MAÑANA por jesscubb jesscubb | 7 observaciones | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

Medicinal Herb Garden 4/9/12

Coordinates: Lat: 47.65277
Lon: -122.30917

Weather: 50-55 degrees F and very muggy. Completely overcast but without the slightest precipitation.

12noon -- I'm sitting on the grass next to a 2m tall Evergreen Huckleberry hedge (Vaccinium Ovatum), buzzing with big fat bumble bees. The end of the medicinal herb garden is a small circular grass area with a man-made pond in the middle, grown over with water plants. Though the garden has certainly been planted with various species from all of the world, the surrounding area has a concentration of native plants. This grassy area is also surrounded by a number of tall conifers, making the space feel enclosed with an over story. Small wild-ish areas like this provide a home for many birds on campus, even though it may be "artificial" the space feels inhabited by animals, birds and insects. I hear 6 or 7 separate bird calls that I struggle to identify. I am certain that I hear an American Robin's multi-toned song and of course the piercing caws of crows. But the other little cheeps are indistinguishable to me, and so difficult to describe!
Two mallards swim in the water, eyeing me when I move and nibbling the algae along the waterside. After I've been seated long enough (perhaps 25 minutes) they are brave enough to approach me and walk within three feet of my sit spot to reach the upper pool. After a bit of awkward struggle, both birds make it into the slightly larger upper pool and make a ruckus of bathing, splashing everywhere before stepping out to tuck their beaks under their wings - to nap?
Other birds come down to dip in the water and drink. On a hot day like today the water seems especially precious. The longer I sit, the more birds that come down, risking a few moments of exposure. When they are in view it is easier for me to get a hold of their calls, though I still can't begin to describe them!

Species List: Not including labeled med. herb garden plants
Western Flowering Dogwood (Cornus nuttallii)
Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata)

Evergreen Huckleberry (Vaccinum ovatum)
Skunk Cabbage (Lysichiton americanum)
False Solomon's Seal (Smilacina racemosa)
Salal (Gaultheria shallon)

Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)
Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias)
Spotted Towhee (Pipilo maculatus)

Publicado el mayo 1, 2012 05:14 MAÑANA por jesscubb jesscubb | 6 observaciones | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

30 de abril de 2012

Mee-Kwa-Mooks Beach 4/7/12

Coordinates: Lat: 47.56465
Lon: -122.40846

Weather: Very sunny with a completely cloudless sky, but strong winds bring the temp. way down and ruffle the surface of the water.

11:30am -- The tide is very low, and for the first 1.5 hours it is on its way out (at 12:30pm it turns). The beach is perhaps 100m wide from the water to the barge/wall. The upper 20-30m is quite dry, but still decorated with barnacles and crispified seaweed, indications that the tide was at least once covering it entirely- perhaps up to 3m up the wall. The beach is rocky and very dark, the ground looks almost black from above. Perhaps this is a result of an active tide, i.e. lack of sunbleach? Rocks vary from tiny to 16x16cm or so, with one sandy patch of about 50 square meters and one patch with larger boulders. In the intertidal zone (the lowest 20m or so of the beach) there is 5-6cm of water, slightly undulating with the tide.
A large flock of Brant Geese (Branta bernicla) float right along the water line, not coming onto the beach nor floating far out. They feed on eel grass, keeping the close to the shallowest bit of the shoreline. What beautiful birds! And what a long journey they make along the coast of the entire Pacific, spending a great amount of their time in the arctic where they have very little contact with humans. Perhaps it is as a result of their lack of much human contact that they remain quite wild birds- easily disturbed by humans and dogs.
The inter-tidal zone is delicate! Each creature accustomed to life under water (where most inter-tidal creatures breathe and feed) is stressed when exposed to air, sun and a host of new predators. While the inter-tidal zone appears mooshy and bleak, a closer look reveals SO MUCH! Many many creatures call the dense eel grass home, so we try to step in it, but even the sandy spots between the grass are packed with anemone and clam siphons. Barnacles cover all- giving everything a spikey, crunchy exterior. A plethora of seaweed types cover the ground, and we see eggs everywhere, some just floating and some connected to rock or bits of seaweed. The tide seems rich and fertile, not unlike the forest in spring. All of these blind creatures are able to sense and react to each other. But how in the world?? I am told that when a Sunflower Sea-star (Pycnopodia helianthoides) enters a tide pool everything else "runs" away--how do they know that it is a predator without eyes or any other senses that we can comprehend?

Species List:
Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)
Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)
Brant Geese (Branta bernicla)

Horse Gaper Clam (Tresus Capax)
Dog Whelk (Nucella lapillus)
Rough Keyhole Limpet (Diodora aspera)
Mussels (Genus: Bathymodiolus)
Cockells (??)
Merten's Chiton (Lepidozona mertensii)
Sand Dollars (Order: Clypeasteroida)

Dungeoness Crab (Metacarcinus magister)
Purple/Ochre Sea-star (Pisaster ochraceus)
Sunflower Sea-star (Pycnopodia helianthoides)
Christmas Anemone (Urticina crassicornis)
Sea Lemon Nudibranch (Anisdoris Nobilis )

Eel Grass (Genus: Zostera)
Iridescent Seaweed (Mazzaella splendens)

Publicado el abril 30, 2012 02:35 MAÑANA por jesscubb jesscubb | 5 observaciones | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

Mt. Rainier Ntl Park -- Longmire 3/31/12

Coordinates: Lat: 46.7498311
Lon: -121.8389367746

Weather: Clear skies and full sun! Approximately 38 degrees F and no notable wind.

3pm-- Snow covers the ground, perhaps 2-3 ft in most places, leaving the undergrowth almost invisible and putting the trees on display. Here the conifers are tall, thick, and very widely spaced --all signs of an old growth forest, at least 175 years old.
Most striking is the Longmire meadow, a wide expanse of red/orange mud, water and low shrubs that has no tall growth and no snow at all! Upon slightly closer inspection, one can see that the water is bubbling, as if boiling straight up from the earth. I marvel at the strangeness of a volcano... The organey red ground looks painted and emits a slightly sulfurous smell.
The meadow/hotspring? is surrounded by old growth forest, for once Douglas-fir isn't quite as obviously dominate, Cedars (Western Red: Thuja plicata and Yellow: Thuja occidentalis) and Hemlocks (Western: Tsuga heterophylla and Mountain: Tsuga metensiana) play a big role here. We find a small Pacific Yew (Taxus brevifolia), identifiable by its flat pointy needles that are soft and the red, peely bark. Many of the hemlocks are quite small, growing primarily out of felled trees. They need the nutrients provided by decaying material and don't mind the shade of a thick overstory-- hence hemlocks being named a "climax species" of the PNW. We also see a large Pacific Silver Fir (Abies amabilis). When they are really really tall (i.e. so tall that their branches are too high to inspect) Silver firs are still distinguishable from Dougs by their smoother bark, not as deeply furrowed as the Doug's.
The few small plants that are visible now with all the snow are very near streams because it is here that the snow has been pushed away. Next to such streams we find deer fern (Blechnum spicant) smooshed by the weight of snow.

Species List:
Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga mensiesii)
Pacific Silver Fir (Abies amabilis)
Western Hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla)
Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata)
Pacific Yew (Taxus brevifolia)

Kinnickinnick (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
Oregon Grape (Mahonia nervosa)
Deer Fern (Blechnum spicant)
Salal (Gaultheria shallon)

Tree Lungwort (Lobaria pulmonaria)
Lipstick Cladonia (Cladonia macilenta)

Jelly Fungi (Dacrymyces ovisporus)

Publicado el abril 30, 2012 01:12 MAÑANA por jesscubb jesscubb | 6 observaciones | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario